IBDP Psychology Chapter 3 Notes

cognitive approach to psychology

STUDY NOTES FOR PSYCHOLOGY – CHAPTER 3 – COGNITIVE APPROACH TO PSYCHOLOGY

These notes have specially been curated by expert teachers to simplify and enlighten concepts given in IB Psychology HL. The notes are comprehensive in nature and are sufficient to study the chapter in depth and one need not look for other resources beyond the notes provided on our website which can be accessed for free. The notes for Cognitive Approach to Psychology IBDP HL are available on our official website and can be downloaded for free. You are one click away from obtaining all that you need to score well in IB Psychology HL. 

The material made available on Tychr’s website is available for all IBDP subjects and is specially curated after an extensive amount of effort to ensure that the notes are in consonance with the IB curriculum and are an amalgamation from various textbooks prescribed by the IBO. Students often face a challenge understanding concepts, especially concepts that are new and tricky, these IB Psychology Notes will help the student cover the chapter of Cognitive Approach to Psychology entirely while explaining every concept in a detailed and easy way.

The chapter on Cognitive Approach to Psychology explains the principles of cognitive psychology like introspectionism, behaviourism, psychoanalysis, etc along with the various assumptions involved in the cognitive approach and the research methods used. The multi store memory model of Atkinson and Shiffrin and the working memory model of Baddeley and Hitch is also given. The chapter introduces schemas and its various types followed by the top-down theory of Gregory and the bottoms-up theory of Gibson. The relationship between thinking and decision-making is clarified along with the normative models of thinking which describe the ways in which thinking should be and the descriptive models explaining how it occurs.

We also discuss heuristics and its several types. Next, the chapter explains the influence of schemas on memory process and hence the unreliability of memory followed by the theory of reconstructive memory and eyewitness testimony. The Dual Theory explains thinking as system 1 which is uncontrollable and system 2 which is controllable. This is followed by the theories of emotion given by Darwin, Cannon-Bard, Lazarus, etc and the theory of flashbulb memory given by Roger Brown and James Kulik. The chapter also discusses the effect that emotions have on memory, decision making and goals and perceptions. Lastly, the impact of modern technology on cognitive processes is evaluated.