IBDP Environmental Systems & Societies Solutions Notes

Fundamentals of ESS


These notes have specially been curated by expert teachers to simplify and enlighten concepts given in IB ESS SL. The notes are comprehensive in nature and are sufficient to study the chapter in depth and one need not look for other resources beyond the notes provided on our website which can be accessed for free. The notes for Foundation of ESS IBDP SL are available on our official website and can be downloaded for free. You are one click away from obtaining all that you need to score well in IB ESS SL.

The material made available on Tychr’s website is available for all IBDP subjects and is specially curated after an extensive amount of effort to ensure that the notes are in consonance with the IB curriculum and are an amalgamation from various textbooks prescribed by the IBO. Students often face a challenge understanding concepts, especially concepts that are new and tricky, these IB ESS Notes will help the student cover the chapter of Foundation of ESS entirely while explaining every concept in a detailed and easy way.

The chapter on the Foundation of ESS provides a deep understanding of what ESS constitutes and the different ways in which the individuals and society perceive and evaluate the problems relating to the environment. It talks about how the environmental movement came about after the occurrence of various natural and manmade disasters and spread with the help of literature and media along with various treaties signed amongst nations for its preservation. 

Environmental value systems that shape the way in which the environmental issues are perceived are explained along with the range of Environment Value Systems- ecocentric, anthropocentric and technocentric. Next, we have a brief introduction of systems and their characteristics with an explanation of models, which are a simplified version of reality. We also discussed the strength and limitations of models.

The chapter explains various laws of thermodynamics and characteristics of energy- mainly that energy cannot be created or destroyed, it can only change its form. An explanation of what positive and negative feedbacks are and how tipping points have dramatic effects on the overall system is also given. We get insight into sustainability and the importance of sustainable development and how humans are affecting the environment through pollution and the influence it has on the organisms.