IBDP Environmental Systems & Societies Solutions Chapter 5 Notes

Soil Systems, Terrestrial Food Production Systems and Societies

STUDY NOTES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS & SOCIETIES (ESS) CHAPTER 5 – Soil Systems, Terrestrial Food Production Systems and Societies

These notes have specially been curated by expert teachers to simplify and enlighten concepts given in IB ESS SL. The notes are comprehensive in nature and are sufficient to study the chapter in depth and one need not look for other resources beyond the notes provided on our website which can be accessed for free. The notes for Soil Systems, Terrestrial Food Production Systems and Societies IBDP SL are available on our official website and can be downloaded for free. You are one click away from obtaining all that you need to score well in IB ESS SL.

The material made available on Tychr’s website is available for all IBDP subjects and is specially curated after an extensive amount of effort to ensure that the notes are in consonance with the IB curriculum and are an amalgamation from various textbooks prescribed by the IBO. Students often face a challenge understanding concepts, especially concepts that are new and tricky, these IB ESS Notes will help the student cover the chapter of Soil Systems, Terrestrial Food Production Systems and Societies entirely while explaining every concept in a detailed and easy way.

The chapter on soil systems, terrestrial food production systems and societies introduces us to the soil profile and the processes involved in the formation of soil- decomposition, weathering and nutrient cycling. We discuss the various soil types and factors leading to the composition of the soil. Agriculture is the most important food production system and is examined while trying to understand the agricultural activity in more economically developed countries and less economically developed countries wherein most developed nations produce agricultural products to themselves to gain profit through export along with meeting the domestic requirement whereas the latter practices only small-scale agriculture.

Food waste is an issue of concern as food is not readily available to many people in certain regions in the world. We understand the importance of developing new technology for increasing food production like constructing greenhouses. Next, the chapter discusses the change in the food production systems and patterns over time and the availability of land for food production. The farming systems in developed and developing nations are examined along with the increased environmental impacts that food production has thus making it necessary to make the process sustainable. Towards the end we examine the causes of soil degradation and the methods that can be used to conserve it.