These notes have specially been curated by expert teachers to simplify and enlighten concepts given in IB Geography. The notes are comprehensive in nature and are sufficient to study the chapter in depth and one need not look for other resources beyond the notes provided on our website which can be accessed for free. The notes for Geography IBDP are available on our official website and can be downloaded for free. You are one click away from obtaining all that you need to score well in IB Geography. The material made available on Tychr’s website is available for all IBDP subjects and is specially curated after an extensive amount of effort to ensure that the notes are in consonance with the IB curriculum and are an amalgamation from various textbooks prescribed by the IBO.

Students often face a challenge understanding concepts, specially concepts that are new and tricky, these IB Geography Notes will help the student cover the chapter of Physical Processes and Landscapes entirely while explaining each and every concept in a detailed and easy away.

Geography IBDP is a part of Individuals and Societies of the IB Curriculum. Being a dynamic subject firmly grounded in the real world, Geography describes and helps to explain similarities and differences between places, on a variety of scales and from various perspectives.

The objective of the curriculum of Geography IBDP is to develop this understanding of the dynamic inter-dependencies of people, spaces and the environment, to develop a critical awareness and complex thinking ability on geographical issues, and understanding and evaluating the need for planning and sustainable development through the management of resources at varying scales. The course integrates physical, environmental and human geography, and students acquire elements of both socio-economic and scientific methodologies. Geography takes advantage of its position to examine relevant concepts and ideas from a wide variety of disciplines, helping students develop life skills and have an appreciation of, and a respect for, alternative approaches, viewpoints and ideas.

This chapter focuses on physical processes and landscapes. Glacial erosion which includes plucking, abrasion, freeze-thaw, weathering, pressure release and meltwaters can produce landforms such as cirques, aretes, peaks, troughs, basins or hanging valleys. It further explains the characteristics of till, moraine, drumlins and erratics. The periglacial environment is a cold climate that is characteristically subject to intense cycles of freezing and thawing of superficial sediments. There are three types of periglacial environments- artic continental, alpine, artic maritime.

There are a number of landforms and processes associated with periglacial environments that include freeze-thaw, mass movements, permafrost, thermokarst, pingos and patterned ground. the lack of sufficient rainfall results in a dry, hot and arid environment that could lead to weathering in deserts via salt crystallization and disintegration. The chapter moves on to discuss the work of water in deserts and classifies rivers in deserts into three categories- exogenous rivers, endoreic rivers and ephemeral rivers. Wind action in desert is also seen in the form of deflation and abrasion. Features of arid landscapes include dunes [can be found in the linear, star, dome, crescentic, and parabolic shapes], zeugen, yardangs, wadis, mesas and buttes.