IBDP Physics Chapter 7 Notes

Atomic Nuclear and Particle Physics Theory

STUDY NOTES FOR physics CHAPTER 7 – Atomic Nuclear and Particle Physics Theory

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The curriculum for Physics IBDP is designed in such a way to bring students and readers alike to the frontiers of modern science and elevate the spirit of scientific inquiry in their minds. The topics in the syllabus range from the ancient science of the Greeks to modern disciplines like Atomic and Astrophysics, which makes the students aware of the entire spectrum of the discoveries and advances in Physics alongside the rationale and its purpose. As such the chapters are divided by classical and modern distinctions: classical chapters include Newtonian Mechanics describe the original theories of motion and movement, Thermodynamics talk about our original assumptions of ideal gas and principles of heat and temperature, while Electrodynamics cover the interconnected universe of electricity, magnetism and electromagnetic waves, and the various properties and phenomena associated with them.

In contrast lies the topics of Modern Science, ranging from Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics to the more advanced study of motion in Einstein’s Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. A complete understanding of these topics will render any reader with the amazing ability to apply Physics to every corner of life, ranging from the mundane to the extraordinary; prepare them prepare them for only a future in an advanced scientific discipline, but also in fields like Economics, Finance and Technology, all of which require a scientific mindset at their core.

The curriculum for Physics IBDP is designed in such a way to bring students and readers alike to the frontiers of modern science and arouse the spirit of scientific inquiry in their minds. The topics in the syllabus range from the ancient science of the Greeks to modern disciplines like Atomic and Astrophysics, which makes the students aware of the entire spectrum of the discoveries and advances in Physics as well as the rationale and need behind them.

As such the chapters are divided by classical and modern distinctions: Newtonian Mechanics describe the original theories of motion and movement, Thermodynamics talk about our original assumptions of ideal gas and principles of heat and temperature, while Electrodynamics cover the interconnected universe of electricity, magnetism and electromagnetic waves, and the various properties and phenomena associated with them. In contrast lies the topics of Modern Science, ranging from Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics to the more advanced study of motion in Einstein’s Relativity and Quantum Mechanics.

A complete understanding of these topics will render any reader with the amazing ability to apply Physics to every corner of life, ranging from the mundane to the extraordinary; as well as assuredly prepare them not only for a future in an advanced scientific discipline, but also in fields like Economics, Finance and Technology, all of which require a scientific mindset at their core.

In this chapter of Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics, we begin with the study of modern physics, which includes important aspects like discrete energy levels, emission and absorption spectra due to atomic transitions and the four fundamental forces acting at the core of all physics. Later We delve into nuclear and atomic structure, which leads to the phenomenon of radioactivity in terms of alpha, beta and gamma decay and the subsequent particles/radiation that are emitted.

We discuss the reasons behind tremendous nuclear reactions like fission and fusion due to the strong nuclear force and concepts of binding energy and mass defect. Lastly, we talk about the various historical theories of atomic structures, which led to the modern understanding of the atom and its constituent particles.